Kalyan Dombivli Municipal Corporation (KDMC) has done tree plantation on 40 acres of forest land in Ambivli to compensate for the trees being cut for Kalyan Ring Road Project, but the same can be converted into a biodiversity park instead. They planted about 12000 saplings that are now two years old. The plantation is largely monoculture with avenue trees both native and exotic species.
Despite the heavy plantation, there are still areas available where more plantation could be carried out. These areas have the potential to develop into thematic gardens such as bird, bat, butterfly, bee, medicinal and Nakshatra gardens. The current proposal plans to develop an ecosystem by planting biodiversity special plants that attract bees, birds, butterflies and bats. Additionally, since the undergrowth is missing in the existing plantation areas, hedge plantation will also be created along the pathway as well as between the plantation blocks. The plantation will be carried out along the boundary wall as well. Considering Polyculture, a mixed plantation of herbs, shrubs and trees of around 10,000 saplings will be done.
As KDMC intend to develop this park as an ecotourism site, three nature trails will be developed along with activity stations, exhibits and signages to enhance the educational value for the tourists and to boost tourism to the site. Awareness about the park will be created among the tourists as well as neighbouring schools and colleges. Capacity building and Training workshops for nature guides will be conducted and also for local youth who could conduct the nature walk post project.
Project Location: Ambivli, Kalyan Dombivli Municipal Corporation KDMC, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Project Duration: 3 years
Project Partner: iNaturewatch Foundation
Funding Agency: DCB Bank
· Biodiversity Parks are large areas, which are suited for recreation and sustainable tourism.
· They conduce to conservation, development or recreation of varied used landscapes and their biodiversity.
· "Biodiversity Park" and "National Park" are not the same.
· These park act as five intersecting areas of responsibility that enable nature parks to function as model regions for sustainable development.
· Visitors to the biodiversity park are motivated to consciously perceive the environment and during this process, various experience-oriented forms of knowledge transfer play a special role.
· Biodiversity parks comprised of signage, thematic nature trails, interpretation centre, tours and much more.
· Baseline Survey
· Seasonal Biodiversity surveys
· Soil and water analysis
· Formation of Butterfly, Bee, Bird, Bat, Medicinal, Pond and Nakshatra Van.
· Pathway Development
· Digging trenches and pits
· Installation of Irrigation System.
· Boundary Wall - 1500 tree saplings
· Thematic zones - 500 trees, 5000 herbs and shrubs.
.Trail plantation- 3000 saplings
· Appointment of Security Guard and 3 caretakers.
· Security Cabin installed
· Watering, Deweeding, Mulching and Protecting the park from Vandalism.
· Natural Trails developed to enhance educational value.
· Bilingual Signages about local flora and fauna
· Incorporation of 10 field stations
· 10 Outdoor exhibits
· Stakeholder Meeting
· Corporate Employees and Community Volunteers
· Nature Awareness Programmes
· Capacity Building of Forest Guards and Local Communities